References and Further Reading 1. Strictly speaking there was no Daoism before the literati of the Han dynasty c. So, Daoism was a retroactive grouping of ideas and writings which were already at least one to two centuries old, and which may or may not have been ancestral to various post-classical religious movements, all self-identified as daojiao “teaching of the dao” , beginning with the reception of revelations from the deified Laozi by the Celestial Masters Tianshi lineage founder, Zhang Daoling, in C. This article privileges the formative influence of early texts, such as the Daodejing and the Zhuangzi, but accepts contemporary Daoists’ assertion of continuity between classical and post-classical, “philosophical” and “religious” movements and texts. Classical Sources for Our Understanding of Daoism Daoism does not name a tradition constituted by a founding thinker, even though the common belief is that a teacher named Laozi originated the school and wrote its major work, called the Daodejing, also sometimes known as the Laozi. However, various streams of thought and practice were passed along by masters daoshi before these texts were finalized. There are two major source issues to be considered when forming a position on the origins of Daoism.. With regard to the first question, Isabelle Robinet thinks that the classical texts are only the most lasting evidence of a movement she associates with a set of writings and practices associated with the Songs of Chu Chuci , and that she identifies as the Chuci movement. This movement reflects a culture in which male and female masters variously called fangshi, daoshi, zhenren, or daoren practiced techniques of longevity and used diet and meditative stillness anto create a way of life that attracted disciples and resulted in wisdom teachings..
Is fighting a hard battle. He studied under Plato for twenty years and raised a monument to him after his death. After Plato died in , Aristotle went to the court of his friend Hermeias who had studied with him at the Academy and raised himself from slavery to become dictator of Atarneus and Assus in upper Asia Minor.
The 50 Most Influential Living Philosophers When we hear the word “philosopher,” we tend to think of Ancient Greeks like Socrates or Plato, or perhaps the Frenchman René Descartes, or maybe infamous Germans like Karl Marx or Friedrich Nietzsche.
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You read that correctly, Modern Philosophers! Way too much emphasis is put on looks, which is ridiculous since we all know that looks fade. At Must Love Togas, we know that a lasting love depends on how well a couple is able to communicate, a similarity in writing styles, and a deep philosophical kinship, which everyone will acknowledge is much sexier than any amount of physical attraction.
Heidi Howkins Lockwood Tensions are running really high in philosophy right now. One of the sources of the tension is the fact that certain prominent philosophers — I count at least eight in the past year — have been publicly accused of certain transgressions. Some of those philosophers have attempted to defend or explain their actions or, worse, failed to accept that the fact that someone is offended means that there has been an offense , and, in doing so, have made the situation worse.
Dating US Edition Ten great female philosophers: The thinking woman’s women Today’s lack of major female philosophers is not due to lack of talent but to the collapse of philosophy.
It’s a great site. Priscilla 6 years ago from El Paso I just happened to get on OkCupid, so this hub became helpful for me. I should probably create another article filled with examples of good messages to send. That cut-and-paste fiasco message sounds particularly hilarious. Hurrah for online dating lulz! Amy 6 years ago I found this in an attempt to find out where the wink disappeared off to. If only guys actually would read this I’ve gotten some incredibly hilarious emails on that site.
The most recent long one was epic. I copied it to Facebook And then there was the really long poem from a would-be politician he talked about his plans for running for various high-level positions after the poem. And the one I received tonight It was sent at 5: It’s a treasure trove of hilarious stuff!
I don’t think a philosopher needs to know anything in the sciences—in some cases they ought to in some regards, but they don’t need to. The first ancient philosophers of course started in exactly this way, and they got along fine. Furthermore, in some ways scientific theories can be perniciously misleading. Science is, after all, a collection of constantly revised theories that go through rather large changes from time to time, called paradigm shifts. Basing your arguments on potentially false theories in science could have obvious potential drawbacks.
There were points in history with concepts like the flat Earth, the Sun revolving around the Earth, Atlas holding up the sky, souls being located in the pineal gland, etc
Feminist Philosophers News feminist philosophers can use. Category: sex You know this sweet-looking Santa Claus-type guy was just waiting for a good excuse to open his popular dating site to people looking for same-sex partners, despite his being a trained Christian minister.
The problem arises for the same reasons that clashes occur between Western culture and other cultures. Western culture ‘universalism’ gives Westerners the underlying belief by their very upbringing and thinking–whether you are talking philosophy, politics, laws, teaching methods, learning, or any other cultural manifestation–that their system of beliefs and methodologies are the only true and correct one; that their way of ‘doing things’ is the one that can be applied universally to all peoples.
This underlying belief has arisen through a number of different causes. Western culture has been the predominant world culture for the last years regrets, contrary to everything that you have been taught in history, Western culture hasn’t been predominant culture since the age of the Greeks, or the Romans, or the Christian, or even the age of modernity. China was the dominant culture and country until years ago for about 2, years, yet Chinese culture and history is mostly ignored.
As with any culture, Western culture will teach, talk about, and write about what it knows best, its own culture. Western culture is the most powerful, rich, and predominant culture in the present world, and this reaches throughout the culture in a unconscious but systemic means. So Westerners are taught Western philosophy by Westerners, see a lot of books published on the subject, etc.
Philosorapt[E]rs: Dating Advice from Philosophers
Contemporary philosophers are enormously influential right now. How society sees its responsibilities to nonhuman others owes much to Singer. Though usually not household names, contemporary philosophers have radically altered the way we think about all sorts of things — from the nature of God to the role of race in democracy. Philosophy, one of the oldest areas of intellectual endeavor, is as significant today as ever.
Dating back thousands of years are numerous examples of ancient technology that leave us awe-struck at the knowledge and wisdom held by people of our past. They were the result of incredible advances.
Chinese philosophy is the dominant philosophical thought in China and other countries within the East Asian cultural sphere that share a common language , including Japan, Korea , and Vietnam. Schools of thought[ edit ] Main article: Hundred Schools of Thought The Hundred Schools of Thought were philosophers and schools that flourished from the 6th century to BCE,  an era of great cultural and intellectual expansion in China.
Even though this period — known in its earlier part as the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period — in its latter part was fraught with chaos and bloody battles, it is also known as the Golden Age of Chinese philosophy because a broad range of thoughts and ideas were developed and discussed freely. The thoughts and ideas discussed and refined during this period have profoundly influenced lifestyles and social consciousness up to the present day in East Asian countries. The intellectual society of this era was characterized by itinerant scholars, who were often employed by various state rulers as advisers on the methods of government , war , and diplomacy.
This period ended with the rise of the Qin Dynasty and the subsequent purge of dissent. The Book of Han lists ten major schools, they are: Confucianism , which teaches that human beings are teachable, improvable and perfectible through personal and communal endeavour especially including self-cultivation and self-creation. A main idea of Confucianism is the cultivation of virtue and the development of moral perfection. Confucianism holds that one should give up one’s life, if necessary, either passively or actively, for the sake of upholding the cardinal moral values of ren and yi.
Often compared with Machiavelli , and foundational for the traditional Chinese bureaucratic empire, the Legalists examined administrative methods, emphasizing a realistic consolidation of the wealth and power of autocrat and state. Taoism , a philosophy which emphasizes the Three Jewels of the Tao:
Peter Abelard > By Individual Philosopher > Philosophy
The Writings of Thales Doubts have always existed about whether Thales wrote anything, but a number of ancient reports credit him with writings. Diogenes Laertius raised doubts about authenticity, but wrote that ‘according to others [Thales] wrote nothing but two treatises, one On the Solstice and one On the Equinox’ D. Lobon of Argus asserted that the writings of Thales amounted to two hundred lines D. Hesychius, recorded that ‘[Thales] wrote on celestial matters in epic verse, on the equinox, and much else’ DK, 11A2.
Callimachus credited Thales with the sage advice that navigators should navigate by Ursa Minor D.
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Introduction Knowledge Traditionally, the term “philosophy” referred to any body of knowledge. Newton’s ” Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy ” is classified in the s as a book of physics; he used the term ” natural philosophy ” because it used to encompass disciplines that later became associated with sciences such as astronomy , medicine and physics. Metaphysical philosophy “logic” was the study of existence , causation, God , logic , forms and other abstract objects “meta ta physika” lit: Natural philosophy has split into the various natural sciences, especially astronomy, physics, chemistry, biology, and cosmology.
Moral philosophy has birthed the social sciences, but still includes value theory including aesthetics, ethics, political philosophy, etc. Metaphysical philosophy has birthed formal sciences such as logic, mathematics and philosophy of science, but still includes epistemology, cosmology and others. Philosophical progress Many philosophical debates that began in ancient times are still debated today.
Colin McGinn and others claim that no philosophical progress has occurred during that interval. In that sense, all cultures and literate societies ask philosophical questions such as “how are we to live” and “what is the nature of reality”. A broad and impartial conception of philosophy then, finds a reasoned inquiry into such matters as reality, morality and life in all world civilizations. Socrates was a very influential philosopher, who insisted that he possessed no wisdom but was a pursuer of wisdom.
The Ancient era was dominated by Greek philosophical schools which arose out of the various pupils of Socrates, such as Plato , who founded the Platonic Academy and his student Aristotle ,  founding the Peripatetic school , who were both extremely influential in Western tradition. Important topics covered by the Greeks included metaphysics with competing theories such as atomism and monism , cosmology , the nature of the well-lived life eudaimonia , the possibility of knowledge and the nature of reason logos.